Stručno-znanstveni časopis Glasilo Future ~ The Professional and Scientific Journal Glasilo Future

Jonathan Eric Meeker, Zvonimir Lišnić, Boris Dorbić, Emilija Friganović, Željko Španjol, Zvezda Bogevska


Glasilo Future Volumen 1 broj 5-6 prosinac 2018. / Gazette Future Volume 1 number 5-6 December 2018


Objavljeno 31. prosinca 2018. godine. / Published on December 31, 2018.

https://doi.org/10.32779/gf.1.5-6.4

ISSN 2623-6575 (Online)

Glasilo_Future_Volumen_1_broj_5-6_prosinac_2018.pdf

Stručni rad (professional paper)

Naslov/Title

Mogućnosti uporabe nekih jestivih submediteranskih autohtonih i alohtonih vrsta za održive dekorativne vrtove na kršu


Opportunities for use of some edible sub-Mediterranean autochthonous and allochthonous species for sustainable ornamental gardens in karst landscapes

Str./Pp. 41-48

Autorica/Author

Jonathan Eric Meeker, Zvonimir Lišnić, Boris Dorbić, Emilija Friganović, Željko Španjol, Zvezda Bogevska

Sažetak

U novije vrijeme zbog suvremenog načina života i troškova održavanja u gradskom i prigradskom okruženju na submediteranu smanjila se brojnost i veličina klasičnih vrtova s ukrasnim biljem. Ipak, u zadnje vrijeme mogli bismo reći da raste trend osnivanja samoodrživih vrtova i misija kako očuvati biološku raznolikost na krajobraznim površinama. U ovom radu se razmatraju mogućnosti primjene i opisuju neke jestive alohtone i autohtone vrste za održive vrtove na submediteranskom kršu. Cilj rada je odabrati adekvatne biljne vrste da budu dekorativne i iskoristive za ljudsku prehranu (kao voće, povrće, ljekovito i aromatično bilje). Obrađuju se vrste iz različitih porodica: Aliaceae, Asparagaceae, Berberidaceae, Brassicaceae, Cactaceae, Cupressaceae, Campanulaceae, Ericaceae, Lamiaceae, Liliaceae, Orchidaceae, Portulaceae i Rosaceae. U nekim vrtovima na submediteranu tako se mogu pronaći divlje jagode, maline ili kupine koje se mogu lijepo ukomponirati na ukrasnu kamenjaru ili na ukrasnu gredicu. Aromatične i ljekovite vrste: kadulja, lavanda, smilje, ružmarin, timijan, paprena metvica, ružmarin i slično itekako su poželjne u formiranju održivih vrtova na kršu. U ukrasnoj hortikulturi česta je primjena vrsta s krša (osobito onih nižeg rasta) i na dekorativnim kamenjarama u vrtovima ili na nekim drugim krajobraznim površinama. Određene biljne vrste s većih nadmorskih visina se ne mogu zbog loše prilagodbe na agroekološke uvjete uzgajati u nižim područjima. U nekim planinskim područjima česti su primjeri uporabe alpinetuma koji se uređuju s vrstama s viših nadmorskih visina.

Ključne riječi: jestive biljne vrste, održivi vrtovi, primjena, krš, submediteran.

Abstract

The number and size of classical gardens with ornamental plants has recently decreased, as a result of the modern lifestyle and maintenance costs in urban and suburban environments in the sub-Mediterranean region. Nevertheless, it is important to highlight the fact that we have recently seen a growing trend of establishing self-sustaining gardens and initiatives intended to preserve biological diversity in landscape areas. This paper considers the opportunities for use and it provides a description of several edible autochthonous and allochthonous species for sustainable ornamental gardens in sub-Mediterranean karst landscapes. The objective of the paper is to select adequate plant species that are both ornamental and edible (such as fruit, vegetables, medicinal and aromatic plants). Species from different families have been analyzed, such as Aliaceae, Asparagaceae, Berberidaceae, Brassicaceae, Cactaceae, Cupressaceae, Campanulaceae, Ericaceae, Lamiaceae, Liliaceae, Orchidaceae, Portulaceae and Rosaceae. Hence, in some gardens in sub-Mediterranean areas, one can come across wild strawberries, raspberries or blueberries which can be nicely incorporated into ornamental rock gardens or decorative raised beds. Aromatic and medicinal species include sage, lavender, immortelles, rosemary, thyme and peppermint, among others. They are highly desirable in the formation of sustainable gardens in karst landscapes. Species typical in karst landscapes (primarily those of low height) are frequently used in ornamental horticulture, as well as in ornamental rock gardens or in some other landscape areas. Specific plant species typical at higher altitudes cannot be grown at lower altitudes due to their poor adjustment to agro-ecological conditions. In some mountainous areas frequent instances of use of Alpinetum have been identified, which is used for landscaping with species typical of higher altitudes.

Key words: edible plant species, sustainable gardens, use, karst, sub-Mediterranean.

Preuzimanje/Download

Glasilo_Future_Volumen_1_broj_5-6_prosinac_2018_Meeker_Lisnic_Dorbic_Friganovic_Spanjol_Bogevska.pdf

Citiranje/Citation

Meeker, J. E., Lišnić, Z., Dorbić, B., Friganović, E., Španjol, Ž., Bogevska, Z. (2018). Mogućnosti uporabe nekih jestivih submediteranskih autohtonih i alohtonih vrsta za održive dekorativne vrtove na kršu . Glasilo Future, 1(5-6), 41-48.
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Meeker, J. E., Lišnić, Z., Dorbić, B., Friganović, E., Španjol, Ž., Bogevska, Z. (2018). Opportunities for use of some edible sub-Mediterranean autochthonous and allochthonous species for sustainable ornamental gardens in karst landscapes. Glasilo Future, 1(5-6), 41-48.


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